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Primeur weekly 2019-09-09

Quantum computing

New quantum project aims for ultra-secure communication in Europe ...

Schrödinger and Qu & Co announce collaboration to advance quantum mechanical computations on quantum computers ...

Spreading light over quantum computers ...

Focus on Europe

AUBASS' AUTOSAR Adaptive Platform solution ported on Kalray's intelligent processor ...

eScience Center takes part in hackathon to improve tools for analysis of internet therapies ...

At the edge of chaos, powerful new electronics could be created ...

Middleware

2CRSI becomes a Bright reseller in the USA, Europe and Middle East ...

NERSC and ECP host OpenMP Hackathon for energy-efficient architectures ...

Hardware

Shell and PDENH are investing in Dutch sustainable data centre technology scale-up Asperitas ...

Konstantinos Orginos awarded time on world's fastest supercomputer to study Lattice QCD ...

GRC teams with NVIDIA to provide fully optimized liquid-immersion cooled system to support the Texas Advanced Computing Center's Frontera supercomputer ...

Mellanox introduces new LinkX 200G & 400G cables & transceivers at CIOE, Shenzhen, China and ECOC, Dublin, Ireland 2019 ...

Texas boosts U.S. science with fastest academic supercomputer in the world ...

New insulation technique paves the way for more powerful and smaller chips ...

WekaIO awarded three patents ...

Intel Xeon Scalable processors drive advanced research in world's fastest academic supercomputer ...

Applications

Rochester Institute of Technology researchers use Frontera supercomputer to simulate neutron star mergers ...

Researchers use TACC's new Frontera supercomputer to simulate viruses and cells ...

Teaching Neural Networks Quantum Chemistry ...

Building a sunnier energy future ...

Researchers apply increasing computational power to develop predictive models and create patient-specific treatment plans ...

Researchers will simulate high speed turbulent flows on Frontera supercomputer ...

U.S. National Science Foundation awards San Diego Supercomputer Center and partners $5,9 million to host EarthCube Office ...

Researchers uncover role of earthquake motions in triggering a 'surprise' tsunami ...

Artificial Intelligence for Physics Research ...

NCSA machine learning pipeline provides insight into energy-efficient home improvement programmes ...

Eight projects to gain early access to the Frontier supercomputer ...

New Berkeley Lab study uses supercomputers to analyze hydrological changes in a California watershed following a wildfire ...

PPG selected for DOE partnership to speed development, testing of adhesives for lightweight vehicles ...

Sum of three cubes for 42 finally solved - using real life planetary computer ...

Researchers uncover role of earthquake motions in triggering a 'surprise' tsunami


Visualization of the modelled coupled earthquake and tsunami across Palu Bay, from Ulrich et al., 2019: Left: Seismic waves being generated while the earthquake propagates southward in a 'superfast' manner. Warm colours denote higher movements across the geological faults and higher ground shaking (snapshot after 15 seconds of earthquake simulation time). Right: The movements of the earthquake beneath the bathtub shaped Palu Bay generate a 'surprise' tsunami (snapshot of the water waves aftee 20s of simulation time of the tsunami scenario). Image credit: LMU.
5 Sep 2019 Berlin - In newly published research, an international team of geologists, geophysicists, and mathematicians show how coupled computer models can accurately recreate the conditions leading to the world's deadliest natural disasters of 2018, the Palu earthquake and tsunami, which struck western Sulawesi, Indonesia in September last year.

The tsunami was as surprising to scientists as it was devastating to communities in Sulawesi. It occurred near an active plate boundary, where earthquakes are common. Surprisingly, the earthquake caused a major tsunami, although it primarily offset the ground horizontally - normally, large-scale tsunamis are typically caused by vertical motions. The team's work was published in Pure and Applied Geophysics .

Researchers were at a loss - what happened? How was the water displaced to create this tsunami: by landslides, faulting, or both? Satellite data of the surface rupture suggests relatively straight, smooth faults, but do not cover areas offshore, such as the critical Palu Bay. Researchers wondered - what is the shape of the faults beneath Palu Bay and is this important for generating the tsunami? This earthquake was extremely fast. Could rupture speed have amplified the tsunami?

Using a supercomputer operated by the Leibniz Supercomputing Centre, a member of the Gauss Centre for Supercomputing, the team showed that the earthquake-induced movement of the seafloor beneath Palu Bay itself could have generated the tsunami, meaning the contribution of landslides is not required to explain the tsunami's main features. The team suggests an extremely fast rupture on a straight, tilted fault within the bay. In their model, slip is mostly lateral, but also downward along the fault, resulting in anywhere from 0,8 metres to 2,8 metres vertical seafloor change that averaged 1,5 metres across the area studied. Critical to generating this tsunami source are the tilted fault geometry and the combination of lateral and extensional strains exerted on the region by complex tectonics.

The scientists come to this conclusion using a cutting-edge, physics-based earthquake-tsunami model. The earthquake model, based on earthquake physics, differs from conventional data-driven earthquake models, which fit observations with high accuracy at the cost of potential incompatibility with real-world physics. It instead incorporates models of the complex physical processes occurring at and off of the fault, allowing researchers to produce a realistic scenario compatible both with earthquake physics and regional tectonics.

The researchers evaluated the earthquake-tsunami scenario against multiple available datasets. Sustained supershear rupture velocity, or when the earthquake front moves faster than the seismic waves near the slipping faults, is required to match simulation to observations. The modelled tsunami wave amplitudes match the available wave measurements and the modeled inundation elevation - defined as the sum of the ground elevation and the maximum water height - qualitatively match field observations. This approach offers a rapid, physics-based evaluation of the earthquake-tsunami interactions during this puzzling sequence of events.

"Finding that earthquake displacements probably played a critical role generating the Palu tsunami is as surprising as the very fast movements during the earthquake itself", stated Thomas Ulrich, PhD student at Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich and lead author of the paper. "We hope that our study will launch a much closer look on the tectonic settings and earthquake physics potentially favouring localized tsunamis in similar fault systems worldwide."

Source: Gauss Centre for Supercomputing

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2019-09-09

Quantum computing

New quantum project aims for ultra-secure communication in Europe ...

Schrödinger and Qu & Co announce collaboration to advance quantum mechanical computations on quantum computers ...

Spreading light over quantum computers ...

Focus on Europe

AUBASS' AUTOSAR Adaptive Platform solution ported on Kalray's intelligent processor ...

eScience Center takes part in hackathon to improve tools for analysis of internet therapies ...

At the edge of chaos, powerful new electronics could be created ...

Middleware

2CRSI becomes a Bright reseller in the USA, Europe and Middle East ...

NERSC and ECP host OpenMP Hackathon for energy-efficient architectures ...

Hardware

Shell and PDENH are investing in Dutch sustainable data centre technology scale-up Asperitas ...

Konstantinos Orginos awarded time on world's fastest supercomputer to study Lattice QCD ...

GRC teams with NVIDIA to provide fully optimized liquid-immersion cooled system to support the Texas Advanced Computing Center's Frontera supercomputer ...

Mellanox introduces new LinkX 200G & 400G cables & transceivers at CIOE, Shenzhen, China and ECOC, Dublin, Ireland 2019 ...

Texas boosts U.S. science with fastest academic supercomputer in the world ...

New insulation technique paves the way for more powerful and smaller chips ...

WekaIO awarded three patents ...

Intel Xeon Scalable processors drive advanced research in world's fastest academic supercomputer ...

Applications

Rochester Institute of Technology researchers use Frontera supercomputer to simulate neutron star mergers ...

Researchers use TACC's new Frontera supercomputer to simulate viruses and cells ...

Teaching Neural Networks Quantum Chemistry ...

Building a sunnier energy future ...

Researchers apply increasing computational power to develop predictive models and create patient-specific treatment plans ...

Researchers will simulate high speed turbulent flows on Frontera supercomputer ...

U.S. National Science Foundation awards San Diego Supercomputer Center and partners $5,9 million to host EarthCube Office ...

Researchers uncover role of earthquake motions in triggering a 'surprise' tsunami ...

Artificial Intelligence for Physics Research ...

NCSA machine learning pipeline provides insight into energy-efficient home improvement programmes ...

Eight projects to gain early access to the Frontier supercomputer ...

New Berkeley Lab study uses supercomputers to analyze hydrological changes in a California watershed following a wildfire ...

PPG selected for DOE partnership to speed development, testing of adhesives for lightweight vehicles ...

Sum of three cubes for 42 finally solved - using real life planetary computer ...